Python is an interpreted, high-level, general-purpose programming language, created by Guido van Rossum and first released in 1991. It is a multi-paradigm programming language that supports both object-oriented programming and structured programming, and many of its features support functional programming and aspect-oriented programming.
There are lots of features of Python which are exist, but here in this tutorial we will discuss the top 10 only, and also these features cover other features of Python too.
Features of Python
1) Simple and easy to code
2) Interpreted language
Python is an interpreted language that means codes are executed line by line at a time. This makes debugging process easy as there is no need to compile code compare to other languages like C, C++, Java, etc.
3) High-level language
Python is a high-level language like Java and C. Here in python, when we write programs, we don’t need to remember the system architecture and work for memory management.
4) Object-oriented language
An object-oriented language is a computer programming language that revolves around the concept of an object. Object-oriented languages were developed to make it easier to develop, debug, reuse, and maintain software than is possible with earlier languages.
In python, we can easily use the concept of classes, objects, inheritance, and encapsulation which are the main features of OOP’s concept.
5) Free and open source
Python is free to use we can download it easily from the official website. Since it is also open-source, the source code is publicly available. We can modify its source code according to our use cases without any license.
6) Integrated language/ Extensible
Python is also an integrated language because we can easily integrate Python with other languages such as C/C++.
7) Cross-platform language
Python can run equally on different platforms such as Windows, macOS, and Linux. Thus, it is a cross-platform language, or called portable language.
8) Dynamically typed language
Python is a dynamically-typed language that means the data type such as int, float, string, etc. for a particular variable is decided at run time in advance. So that we don’t need to specify the type of variable as we have to initialize variable types(int x, y, z; in C) in languages like C, C++, Java, etc.
9) GUI programming support
Python supports Graphical User Interface by third-party libraries like PyQt5, PyQt4, wxPython, and built-in library tkinter.
10) Large standard library
Python has a large and broad library. Libraries present in Python such as regular expressions, unit-testing, web browser, os, sys, collection, and many others.
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